I believe Mexico is a semi-authoritarian regime attempting to mask itself as a democracy. Many factors play into this, one major one is how only 22% of Mexico has internet home service compared to a 95% with home televisions (Shioichet, CNN). An implication of this is the media bias the audience consumes. With the Partido Revolucionario Institucional’s (PRI) hold and power on Mexico’s private and public sectors, this means that television (TV) stations are just as vulnerable. However the PRI has leverage or power over them, whether it be bribery, blackmail, threats, etc, this has allowed TV stations such as Televisa and TV Azteca to publish biased and favorable broadcast on PRI candidate, Pena Nieto. Because Mexico isn’t getting all sides to stories and issues going on, they mostly see Nieto and his PRI parties positive aspects and not the corrupted side. They are blinded of what is really happening and how fraudulent their government really is. The PRI truly does run the government and the public/private sectors even though it seems their votes and choices are 100% uninfluenced.
I think that Mexicos embrace of neo-liberalism has been a complete failure. “By terminating the constitution’s promise of land reform and opening up Mexico to a flood of cheap agricultural imports, the government in effect devastated many of Mexico’s poorest peasant”, (O’Neil, 383). With reduced taxes on import/exports from the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), a flux of extremely cheap American goods compared to Mexican products took over. As a result, Mexico had to lower domestic goods cost which ultimately left mexico agriculture in a massive crisis. Millions of jobs were lost, the Mexican peso collapsed and they needed a huge bailout leading to a larger debt.
Now millions are jobless and the NAFTA had sharpened the divide between the wealthy and poor.
Though Mexico history displays it unstable and corrupt, I definitely believe the US and Mexico will remain close allies for it’s geography most importantly. “The most productive agricultural areas are in northern Mexico, close to the U.S. border” (O’Neil, 352). Mexico is key for US winter agriculture, and holding close ties with such a close neighbor and major US demographic is strategically thought out to keep things…well.
O’Neil, Patrick H. Essentials of Comparative Politics. New York, NY: W.W. Norton &, 2007.
Shoichet, Catherine E., and Miguel Marquez. “Online and on the Streets, Mexico Youth Protests Grow as Election Looms.”CNN. Cable News Network, 28 June 2012. Web. 01 Aug. 2013.